Second Report of the Suicide Support and Information System
The Second Report of the Suicide Support and Information System identified alcohol and drug abuse as a major risk factor for suicide across the identified subgroups and made a number of recommendations to reflect this. The report fouind that the presence of alcohol and/or drug abuse was known for 173 cases, which was confirmed for 60.7%. Among these, 48.6% had abused alcohol, 21% had abused drugs and 27.6% had abused both alcohol and drugs.
The National Registry of Deliberate Self Harm 2012
The National Registry of Deliberate Self Harm in Ireland's annual report for 2012 from the National Suicide Research Foundation found that Alcohol was involved in 38% of all cases. While overall alcohol involvement decreased slightly from 2011, alcohol was significantly more often involved in male episodes of self-harm than female episodes (42% versus 36%, respectively). Alcohol may be one of the factors underlying the pattern of presentations with deliberate self-harm by time of day and day of week. Presentations peaked in the hours around midnight and almost one-third of all presentations occurred on Sundays and Mondays. In addition, the Registry identified an increased number of self-harm presentations to hospital associated with some public holidays.
An Empirical Evaluation of the US Beer Institute’s Self-Regulation Code Governing the Content of Beer Advertising
In an evaluation of beer advertising code regulations aimed to encourage responsible advertising practices, new research from the American Journal of Public Health finds that content violations still occur and the current U.S. Beer Institute’s self-regulation process may be ineffective. Researchers reviewed all alcohol advertisements that aired during the men’s and women’s NCAA basketball tournament games from 1999 to 2008. Current alcohol advertising is self-regulated by the alcohol industry in which the U.S. Beer Institute develops, updates and enforces the regulation codes. This study employed academic and public health professionals to rate the ads using both the 1997 and 2006 versions of the U.S. Beer Institute’s guidelines.
Results showed that when experts reviewed the advertisements, code violations were prevalent. Between 35 percent and 74 percent of the ads had violations, depending on the version of regulation codes used and the scoring method applied. Furthermore, ads with content violations were broadcast more often than those without. Ads that violated the codes most often included content that appealed to young people and content in which beer drinking was associated with social success and sexual attractiveness.